Characterization of the North American beaver (Castor canadensis) papillomavirus genome.

TitleCharacterization of the North American beaver (Castor canadensis) papillomavirus genome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRogovskyy AS, Chen Z, Burk RD, Bankhead T
JournalVet Microbiol
Date Published2014 Jan 10
KeywordsAnimals, Genome, Viral, Molecular Sequence Data, Open Reading Frames, Papillomaviridae, Papillomavirus Infections, Phylogeny, Rodentia, United States

The papillomaviruses comprise a large group of viruses that cause proliferations of the stratified squamous epithelium of skin and mucosa in a variety of animals. An earlier report identified a novel papillomavirus of the North American beaver, Castor canadensis (CcanPV1) that was associated with cutaneous exophytic lesions. In the current study, we determined the sequence of the complete 7435 basepair genome of CcanPV1. The genome contains an Upstream Regulatory Region located between the end of L1 and the start of E6, and seven canonical papillomavirus open reading frames encoding five early (E6, E7, E1, E2, and E4) and two late (L2 and L1) proteins. No E5 open reading frame was detected. Phylogenetic analysis of the CcanPV1 genome places the virus between the genera Kappapapillomavirus and Mupapillomavirus. Analyses of the papillomavirus genomes detected in different species of the order Rodentia indicate these viruses do not form a monophyletic clade.

Alternate JournalVet. Microbiol.
PubMed ID24309404